Melody: A melody is what you usually sing from a song. It's the main tune.
Q: Have you heard this song? This is a very famous song.
Q: Do Re Mi is from the movie, the Sound of Music. Can you sing the song with the video?
From do to do', this is a major scale. When a song ends on do, which is also called the tonic, the song is in a major scale.
Scale: It's the collection of notes that are used in a song, arranged in order from the lowest to the highest note. It's kind of like the alphabet for music: you learn the alphabet by learning in order from A to Z. For music, we normally start with note C, then, D, E, F, G. From G, we continue to A, and B. There is not note H in music. When you read a book, the author will use those same letters to form words, sentences, and paragraphs by using them in different order and repeating any letter as many times as she wants. Same as music, after notes A and B, we will start with C again.
In music, there are different types of scales that are used. Two very common ones are Major and Minor scales (below are some examples, show and explain some - train their ears. Do not show and not explain).
Now let's listen to a song in a major scale but have only four notes. Do you recognize it?
Note: From here, teachers may teach C as do, and notate Mary Had a Little Lamb on the staff. Introduce Form: phrases. (Pre-requisites: Teach staff, lines and spaces).
Now, listen to this Jazz version of Mary had a little lamb, try to identify the four phrase in this song by showing your fingers. You will many "extra" notes, these are embellishing notes that make the piece sounds more attractive.
Kearu no utaga (Quarter rest, round)
Note to general music teachers who have Orff instruments, you may use the below pieces from Music for Children, Book I to practice do-re-mi-so, canon, and rhythms.