Musical elements: Melody, Scales, Harmony, Rhythm


In the previous class, we learned about Do-Tetratonic scale. This week, we will learn about Do-Pentatonic. Penta means five, so, there are five notes: C (do), D (re), E (mi), G (so), A (la). High C (high do) is the "cousin" of middle C (do), so this is not a different note.

  • Watch this video:


  • How do you feel after watching this video? Do you think we are going to be okay?
  • Note that the introduction of this piece, it is made of C pentatonic, with a blue note (Eb). We are not totally okay now, but we are hopeful. 


  • Can you sing the introduction in solfege and hand signs?
  • This song is sung with the same melody but with different lyrics. This is called a strophic form. See below. 

The singer who made this song famous is Bobby McFerrin. Here is a video that Mr. McFerrin "demonstrated the power of the pentatonic scale." Please sing with the audiences. While the audiences were singing, Mr. McFerrin improvised with a different melody. 


Now, the pianist will play Mary had a little lamb differently (minor). Try to identify the four phrases in this song by showing your fingers.  

What do you think? How do you feel when you hear this version?

*Teacher explains to students what a minor scale is (thru listening).

Now, we are going to play two versions of Jazz style Mary Had a Little Lamb; one faster, one slower.

  • How do you feel after listening to these two versions?
  • Did the scale (major and minor) make you happy, or the tempo (speed of the piece)?
  • In many cultures, playing or singing in minor scales can be happy. We do not really want to generalize how people feel by the tonalities/scales of the piece). 

Students will be able to identify half, dotted half, & 16th notes, simple triple meter. (Bobby McFerrin: Don't Worry, Be Happy; Doraji; Waiākea Haumāna; Music Alone Shall Live (easy)/The Orchestra (difficult)) 

Dalcroze 16th note Cup Game

Doraji Choral Octavo.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Document 8.6 MB

I will provide translation and mp3 file later. 

For students who didn't have music at the elementary level and do not know F key, this pieces needs to be written in stick notations. 

Waiākea Haumāna

  • The secondary central focus is to expose students to harmony and scales. Students will recognize and perform how harmony is formed by singers singing two different melodies simultaneously. (Do Re Mi, Doraji)
  • Guiding the students to sing the harmony.