CREATING: 2.1, 3.1

RESPONDING: 7.2, 8.1

Goals #4:

  • The primary central focus is to improvise with C tetratatonic scale. Students will create an 8-beat pattern using the quarter, quarter rest, eighth, and half notes. (Cr: 2.1, 3.1) (`Ukulele, Book 1, chapter 6)
  • The secondary central focus is to discover how the audiences respond to different arrangements, registers, timbre/tone colors, and dynamics from a composition. Students will recognize various families of instruments and how the audience reacts with different moods and emotional feelings to the above elements. (Re: 7.2, 8.1)

Musical Elements:

  • Melody (Tonalities)
  • Harmony
  • Rhythm
  • Style (Listening)
  • Dynamics (Listening)
  • Form (Listening)
  • Tone colors (Orchestra)


REGISTER in music refers to the "height" of the note - whether a note is high, middle, low. Changing the register can also signal shifts in emotions.


1. Discuss the registers of these instruments.

2. Which of these instruments sound like the ‘Ō‘ō bird, and why? 


Arrangement: choosing which instrument plays a particular part can be an effective way to enhance the emotions that the audience might feel. For example, by bringing the register downward from the high violin melody from before, the music sounds darker and more ominous. 

Describe the sound of the percussion instruments during the storm. What kind of instruments did you hear?


There are the low, boomy, roaring sounds of the storm played by the bass drum and the timpani. You can also hear some high pitched percussion instruments like the triangle and the suspended cymbals, perhaps depicting the strong gusts of wind.

Do you know what timpani are?


Here's a fun video where you can pretend to play the timpani yourself.


The quiz will help the students review the concept they learned in the actual context of the profession. For instance, if students learned about the major and minor scales and tonality in units one and two, they can listen to how the composer used those tonalities in his composition in the quiz. Also, if students learned about different instruments and their families, the quiz forces them to identify those instruments timber and register through the recording of the whole orchestra. Second, the quiz can benefit the teacher by using it to assess the students’ understanding. For the lower grade level students, the teacher should read the questions out loud and have the students choose the answer as a class. Older students may take the individual quiz. Since this quiz provides immediate answers, students can test their knowledge and learn if they make a mistake. Also, students receiving a certificate may let them gain a feeling of accomplishment. Lastly, the students will be more aware of taking care of the nature around them through the tragic story of the Kaua‘i ‘Ō‘ō bird. (Rana Harada)

Questions? Post it below:

Comments: 2
  • #2

    chetyeng (Wednesday, 11 August 2021 03:05)

    Thanks for catching that. I added some more information. Please let me know whether it is clear enough.

  • #1

    Lauren (Wednesday, 11 August 2021 02:47)

    - Under Fourth, I'm not sure the exact connection of the timpani video. Maybe include a short blurb about why it's there or what to focus on.