RESPONDING: 7.1, 9.1

Goals #1:

  • The primary central focus is to introduce students to musical elements: melody (do tetratonic) and rhythm. (Pr: 4.2)
    • Students will be able to notate notes, C, D, E, and G on the staff; and identify different and same phrases. (Mary had a little lamb)
    • Students will identify quarter, eighth, and quarter rest; simple duple and quadruple meters. (Samoan Sasa) 
  • The secondary central focus is to expose students to different tempi, from slow to fast. (Samoan Sasa) (Pr: 4.2)
  • The third central focus is to expose students to scales (tonalities). Students will respond to major and minor scales. (Re: 7.1, 9.1)
  • The fourth central focus is students will recognize different families of classical instruments. 

Musical Elements:

  • Melody
  • Rhythm
  • Style & Tonalities (Listening)
  • Form (Listening)
  • Tone colors (families of instruments/voice)

Melody: A melody is what you usually sing from a song. It's the main tune. 

Q: Do you recognize the melody of this song? 

Q: Do Re Mi is from the movie, the Sound of Music. Can you sing the song with the video?


From do to do', this is a major scale. When a song ends on do, which is also called the tonic, the song is in a major scale.  

Scale: It's the collection of notes that are used in a song, arranged in order from the lowest to the highest note. It's kind of like the alphabet for music: you learn the alphabet by learning in order from A to Z. For music, we normally start with note C, then, D, E, F, G. From G, we continue to A, and B. There is not note H in music. When you read a book, the author will use those same letters to form words, sentences, and paragraphs by using them in different order and repeating any letter as many times as she wants. Same as music, after notes A and B, we will start with C again.

In music, there are different types of scales that are used. Two very common ones are Major and Minor scales (below are some examples, show and explain some - train their ears).

  • Major scale: Probably the scale that most songs you know are based on. Examples include Twinkle Twinkle Little Star, Star Spangled Banner (National Anthem), Hawai‘i Pono‘i, Yankee Doodle, London Bridge is Falling Down, and Take Me Out To the Ball Game. 
  • Minor Scale: Not as common, but a minor scale is a collection of notes often associated with darker sounds. Examples include the theme to Harry Potter, theme of Hawaii Five-O, Prince Ali from Disney's Aladdin, Für Elise. 
  • Why some songs "sound" like major, some minor? Open discussion with the students (STANDARDS: RESPONDING).

Now let's listen to a song in a major scale but have only four notes. Do you recognize it? 


Note: From here, teachers may teach C as do, and notate Mary Had a Little Lamb on the staff. Introduce Form: phrases. (Pre-requisites: Teach staff, lines and spaces). 

  • Explain solfege, C=do, D=re, E=mi, G=so, show them hand signs.
  • How many phrases are here? (a b a' c)
  • Now your teacher will play Mary had a little lamb on a piano/`ukulele, can you sing with the hand signs and solfege?
  • Now your teacher will play Mary had a little lamb on a piano/`ukulele, can you use your fingers to show the four phrases?

Style: Jazz

Now, listen to this Jazz version of Mary had a little lamb, try to identify the four phrase in this song by showing your fingers. You will many "extra" notes, these are embellishing notes that make the piece sounds more attractive. 


Samoan Sasa: Quarter, eighth notes.

Samoan Sasa
MP3 Audio File 1.1 MB


Four Families of Classical instruments.

General Music

Note to general music teachers who have Orff instruments, you may use the below pieces from Music for Children, Book I to practice do-re-mi-so, canon, and rhythms.

  • Page 113, Rondo 32 (great piece to start improvisation).
  • Page 91, Canon exercises (great exercises to start with canon - do-re-mi-so).
  • Page 67, Rhythmic rondos (use this to practice rhythm with body percussion, really fun). 

Questions? Post it below:

Comments: 6
  • #6

    CY (Monday, 23 August 2021 03:09)

    Pictures added.

    Yes, it is meant to be used at the beginning of the semester. That's why I am sharing it now. Last semester, I had the inspiration to do it during the middle of the semester.

  • #5

    CY (Monday, 23 August 2021 03:07)

    Done. I will add the names later.

  • #4

    Kevin (Sunday, 22 August 2021 14:21)

    Goal #1 works well at the beginning of the school year compared to when I used these lessons in Quarter 3 and 4 of last year. I agree with Janice, could put pictures or information explaining what the instrumental section is for? The links can be easily missed.

  • #3

    Janice (Friday, 20 August 2021 14:48)

    It's easy to scan right over the instrument section. Can we put pictures as the links? Like the ones one the instrument page?

  • #2

    chetyeng (Wednesday, 11 August 2021 02:47)

    Haha, sorry, I copied and pasted from Dr. Itoh's notes.
    As for trombone, thanks for noticing it. I will check with Joey.

  • #1

    Lauren (Wednesday, 11 August 2021 02:46)

    - In First under the Scale heading, you refer to it as O Say Can you See, maybe refer to it as Star Spangled Banner
    - In the instrument families videos the trombone one seems to be cut off, unless you purposely edited it that way.